Did you Know?
The Dachshund was developed in Germany more than 300 years ago to hunt badgers (dachs, badgers; hund, dog).
From 1930 to 1940, Dachshunds advanced from 28th to sixth rank among American registrations, and maintained this average rank through World War II by constructive public relations.
Dachshunds are accomplished hunting dogs despite their lapdog reputations
In the postwar years, to avoid associations with Germany, the Dachshund's name was temporarily translated to "badger dog."
The Dachshund was originally bred to hunt
The badger is a bear-like animal with a stocky, 3 foot body, short tail and short but powerful legs armed with strong claws on the front feet. It also walks on the soles of its feet like a bear, but the resemblance ends there. Both bear and badger are members of the Carnivore, or flesh eaters, but they are in different families. The badger is placed in the family Mustelidae, along with the otter and weasel. A character of the mustelids is that their foot prints show five toes. In this way the foot prints of a badger can be distinguished from a dog, which shows only four toes. At a distance, the badger's coat looks gray but the individual hairs are black and white. Most animals are lighter in color on the underside of the body, but the badger has black on its belly and legs. The most striking part of the badger, however, is its head. This is white with two broad, black stripes running from behind the ears almost to the tip of the muzzle. The black eyes are placed in the stripes and so are inconspicuous.
The American badger bears a resemblance to the European badger, but lacks the black and white striped head.
More Interesting History and Facts
Dachshunds were first mentioned as a badger-hunting breed in 1600. During its history, the Dachshund has been a favorite dog breed of nobles and statesmen, for example, Napoleon Bonaparte. He was known for his infatuation for Dachshunds. In some of his portraits, he is depicted with the Dachshund.
In the 18th century, Dachshunds were exported to other countries. German breeders of that time relied on their tastes and preferences more than on the difference between the working type Dachshund specimen and the decorative Dachshund specimen. However, things changed in 1870, when the first standard was accepted in Germany.
The smooth and longhaired Dachshund had been the two varieties until 1890, when the wirehaired Dachshund was officially registered as the third type of the Dachshund dog breed.
The First World War made a huge impact on the history of the Dachshund. It lost its popularity and the number of Dachshunds diminished greatly.
The standard for the Dachshund breed was set up in Germany in 1879. It is being used as an International standard nowadays. The German Dachshund Club was founded in 1888. The AKC recognized the Dachshund in 1885. The Dachshund Club of America was established in 1895. Dachshunds are used as both hunting dogs and companion dogs at present.